Peter was solidified when he was appointed by Jesus to the Office of the Vicar - demonstrated by Christ giving St. Jesus is the “Son of David” and his life and ministry fulfilled the Old Testament prophecies of the New Davidic Kingdom and New Jerusalem; hence, we look to the historic kingdom of King David as a guide to the New Davidic Kingdom.
King David had a vicar that ruled his kingdom when David was absent and the sign of authority for this vicar was the keys of the kingdom.
There is, of course, no way that Peter was the bishop of Rome in A. Roman Catholic theology teaches that Peter was given the keys to the kingdom by Jesus in Matthew , went to Rome later in his life, and that those keys and Peter's leadership of God's visible kingdom on earth were passed on to the bishop of Rome.
In fact, it's only a possibility that Jesus, who was born no later than 4 B. It is important to know that the pope is, by definition, the bishop of Rome.
In the New Davidic Kingdom, Christ the Son of David gave the keys to his Vicar to guide the Kingdom until the return of Christ - we now refer to this vicar as “the pope.” SPL has written extensively on these issue in .
All the ancient records of the Roman bishops which have been handed down to us by St. Hippolytus, Eusebius, also the Liberian catalogue of 354, place the name of Linus directly after that of the Prince of the Apostles, St. These records are traced back to a list of the Roman bishops which existed in the time of Pope Eleutherus (about 174-189), when Irenaeus wrote his book “Adversus haereses”.
This caused commotion between people celebrating Easter and fasting for lent.As opposed to this testimony, we cannot accept as more reliable Tertullian’s assertion, which unquestionably places St. Whether he was the same as Cletus, who is also called Anencletus as well as Anacletus, has been the subject of endless discussion. Thus Irenaeus has Linus, Anacletus, Clement; whereas Augustine and Optatus put Clement before Anacletus.Clement (De praescriptione, xxii) after the Apostle Peter, as was also done later by other Latin scholars (Jerome, Illustrious Men 15). We cannot be positive whether this identification of the pope as being the Linus mentioned in 2 Timothy goes back to an ancient and reliable source, or originated later on account of the similarity of the name. Irenaeus, Eusebius, Augustine, Optatus, use both names indifferently as of one person. On the other hand, the “Catalogus Liberianus”, the “Carmen contra Marcionem” and the “Liber Pontificalis”, all most respectable for their antiquity, make Cletus and Anacletus distinct from each other; while the “Catalogus Felicianus” even sets the latter down as a Greek, the former as a Roman.The Roman list in Irenaeus has undoubtedly greater claims to historical authority.  Pope Clement I (called CLEMENS ROMANUS to distinguish him from the Alexandrian), is the first of the successors of St.This author claims that Pope Linus is the Linus mentioned by St. The passage by Irenaeus (Against Heresies III.3.3) reads: After the Holy Apostles (Peter and Paul) had founded and set the Church in order (in Rome) they gave over the exercise of the episcopal office to Linus. Peter of whom anything definite is known, and he is the first of the “Apostolic Fathers”. He has left one genuine writing, a letter to the Church of Corinth, and many others have been attributed to him. 199, the Roman Church claimed that Clement was ordained by St. Jerome tells us that in his time “most of the Latins” held that Clement was the immediate successor of the Apostle (Illustrious Men 15). Jerome himself in several other places follows this opinion, but here he correctly states that Clement was the fourth pope. The list shows a very early snapshot of the Early Church and its Catholicity. In the Liberian Catalogue his name is given as Aristus.