Non liquidating

Conversely, if it distributes appreciated property it must recognize gain as if it had sold the property to the shareholder for its FMV.

Instead of paying a dividend (in the case of a C corporation) or a distribution (for an S corporation) in cash, you may be tempted to distribute property (car, computer, etc.) out of the corporation. If an S corporation distributes appreciated property to its shareholders, the difference between the fair market value and the property's basis will result in a gain that will be passed through to the shareholders. (an S corporation) owns a truck that was purchased for ,000.

However, the shareholders agree that does not care which tract of land he receives in redemption of his stock because he plans to sell the land immediately. Unfortunately, a corporation cannot recognize a tax loss on a nonliquidating distribution of depreciated property (i.e., where the property’s FMV is less than the adjusted basis).

The other shareholders feel that the tracts will appreciate at about the same rate, so they are willing to distribute any of the tracts. ’s shares would be redeemed, and because he is unrelated to the remaining shareholders, the redemption would qualify for stock sale (capital gain) treatment as a complete termination of a shareholder’s interest under Sec. A corporation is generally allowed to recognize tax losses when depreciated property is distributed to shareholders in complete liquidation of the corporation (Sec. cannot deduct a loss on a nonliquidating distribution of depreciated property.

Creditors are always senior to shareholders in receiving the corporation's assets upon winding up.

However, in case all debts to creditors have been fully satisfied, there is a surplus left to divide among equity-holders.

Liquidation is also sometimes referred to as winding-up or dissolution, although dissolution technically refers to the last stage of liquidation.

The process of liquidation also arises when customs, an authority or agency in a country responsible for collecting and safeguarding customs duties, determines the final computation or ascertainment of the duties or drawback accruing on an entry.

A type of payment made by a corporation to its shareholders during its partial or full liquidation.

Despite the tax advantages, investors who receive liquidation dividends often find that they do not cover their initial investment.

Under the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, the corporation is aseparate taxable entity, so that corporate income is taxed to thecorporation and dividends paid by the corporation are taxable to theshareholders.

The corporation does not recognize gain or loss when it distributes cash to shareholders or when it redeems stock in exchange for cash payments (Sec. When a corporation makes a nonliquidating distribution of corporate property other than cash (including a distribution to redeem stock), the corporation recognizes gain if the property’s fair market value (FMV) exceeds its adjusted tax basis in the corporation’s hands (Sec. Specifically, the corporation recognizes gain as if it had sold the appreciated property for FMV to the recipient shareholder. The portion of the corporation’s gain attributable to recapture items (e.g., depreciation recapture) is ordinary income, as is gain attributable to the distribution of inventory and unrealized receivables. Form 5452, Corporate Report of Nondividend Distributions, is used to report nondividend distributions to shareholders.

When multiple properties are distributed, the corporation computes gain on an asset-by-asset basis (Rev. Gain attributable to capital assets and certain property used in a trade or business (Sec. Corporations generally report nonliquidating distributions to shareholders on Form 1099-DIV, Dividends and Distributions (Sec. has held his stock for three years, and his stock basis is ,000. The corporation cannot afford to redeem the stock entirely for cash because its cash balance of ,000 must be used primarily to service real estate debt.