In the United States and Canada, the term "Eskimo" was commonly used to describe the Inuit and Alaska's Yupik and Iñupiat peoples.However, "Inuit" is not accepted as a term for the Yupik, and "Eskimo" is the only term that includes Yupik, Iñupiat and Inuit.These areas are known in Inuktitut as the "Inuit Nunangat".In the United States, the Iñupiat live primarily on the Alaska North Slope and on Little Diomede Island.In contrast to other Tuniit populations, the Aleut and Sadlermiut benefited from both geographical isolation and their ability to adopt certain Thule technologies.In Canada and Greenland, Inuit circulated almost exclusively north of the "Arctic tree line", the effective southern border of Inuit society.
In the 21st century they are citizens of Denmark, although not of the European Union. They had split from the related Aleut group about 4,000 years ago and from northeastern Siberian migrants, possibly related to the Chukchi language group, still earlier. They were thought to have become completely extinct as a people by about 1400 or 1500. Collins determined that, based on the ruins found at Native Point, the Sadlermiut were likely the last remnants of the Dorset culture, or Tuniit.The standard of living across Canada is drastically different from region to region.One issue that I am increasingly learning more about is sex trafficking in Nunavut. Walls of secrecy have been constructed around the problem of sex trafficking in Nunavut, and there are numerous reasons for that stemming from shame to blatant ignorance. In Nunavut, Inuit girls and young women are usually the victims.On June 11, 2008, the Prime Minister, on behalf of the Government of Canada, delivered a formal apology in the House of Commons to former students, their families, and communities for Canada's role in the operation of the residential schools.With the support of the Assembly of First Nations and Inuit organizations, former residential school students took the federal government and the churches to court.