Thereby, a feeling similar to a spoken conversation is created, which distinguishes chatting from other text-based online communication forms such as Internet forums and email.
Online chat may address point-to-point communications as well as multicast communications from one sender to many receivers and voice and video chat, or may be a feature of a web conferencing service.
Growing dependence on networked digital systems has brought with it an increase in both the variety and quantity of cyber-threats.
In addition, the different methods governing secure transactions in the various Member States of the European Union sometimes make it difficult to assess risk and to ensure adequate security.
Online chat in a less stringent definition may be primarily any direct text-based or video-based (webcams), one-on-one chat or one-to-many group chat (formally also known as synchronous conferencing), using tools such as instant messengers, Internet Relay Chat (IRC), talkers and possibly MUDs.
The posting of photographs or material that infringes and/or violates any right of a third party or any law or is vulgar, obscene, discourteous, or indecent is prohibited - do not upload a copyright image as your profile picture.Standards have a key role to play in protecting the Internet and the communications and business it carries.ETSI is working closely with relevant stakeholders to develop standards to increase privacy and security for organizations and citizens across Europe and worldwide.We are looking at providing standards for horizontal and cross-domain applicability, as well as for the security of infrastructures, devices, services and protocols and security tools and techniques.We address the following area: Work is carried out by many ETSI groups.